Scintilla – a flash, a spark, an iota. Shorthand for creativity and an indicator of inventiveness under Australian law.






Thursday, July 13, 2017

While the US says yes to the Wayback Machine, Australia says: what is it?

By Elliott Burton, Lawyer

We're big fans of the Wayback Machine here at Scintilla, so you can imagine our excitement when we heard about the case Shape Shopfitters Pty Ltd v Shape Australia Pty Ltd (No 2) [2017] FCA 474 (Shape Shopfitters), where the Federal Court was directly asked whether Wayback Machine records constitute admissible evidence. So, is Shape Shopfitters Australia's Marten Transport, which confirmed that Wayback Machine is good evidence in the US? Are Australian courts ready to welcome Wayback Machine records with open arms?

Monday, July 10, 2017

Breakfast of (tennis) Champions: Kellogg versus Kokkinakis

By Kim Evans, Senior Associate, and Isabel Burraston, Law Graduate

Australian tennis player, Thanasi Kokkinakis, has found himself in a battle on a different kind of court in a trade mark dispute against cereal giant, Kellogg. In an appeal made to the Federal Court in May 2017, Kellogg is challenging Kokkinakis' application to register the trade mark 'Special K'.

Tuesday, June 6, 2017

Cleaning up the franchising sector – car wash franchisor Geowash next on ACCC's list

By Julia Kovarsky, Associate, and David Hunt, Lawyer

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) is backing up with decisive action its commitment in this year's Compliance and Enforcement Policy to ensuring small businesses receive the full scope of protection of industry codes, including the Franchising Code of Conduct (the Code). The latest in a string of announcements by the ACCC relating to the franchising sector is that it has commenced action against a national car wash franchisor, Geowash Pty Ltd (Geowash). In doing so, it has again demonstrated its intention to clean up franchising operations. This comes mere weeks after the ACCC obtained penalties from Domino's Pizza and commenced proceedings against Ultra Tune for breaches of the Code (see our earlier articles about Domino's and Ultra Tune).

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Car Trouble – ACCC pursues Ultra Tune for Franchising Code breaches

By David Hunt, Lawyer

Less than two weeks after the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission announced that Domino's Pizza paid penalties for alleged non-compliance with the Franchising Code of Conduct (see our earlier article), the ACCC has commenced proceedings against Ultra Tune for a number of alleged breaches of the Code.

In its media release, the ACCC states that it has commenced proceedings in the Federal Court against the entity responsible for the car-servicing franchisor's operations in NSW, Queensland, Victoria and Western Australia. The ACCC is alleging that Ultra Tune failed to act in good faith when dealing with a prospective franchisee and failed to provide that prospective franchisee with all required documentation before accepting a non-refundable payment, failed to provide marketing fund financial statements and audit reports to its franchisees and failed to update its disclosure document or provide it to franchisees within the prescribed time.

Tuesday, May 16, 2017

The Dating Game: Divisional Patents

By David Hunt, Lawyer

The Full Court of the Federal Court has clarified the date from which infringements of a divisional innovation patent will give rise to a right to recover compensation.

In Coretell Pty Ltd v Australian Mud Company Pty Ltd [2017] FCAFC 54 the Full Court decided that owners of divisional innovation patents will only be entitled to compensation in respect of acts of infringement occurring from the date the patent is granted. This overturns an earlier Federal Court decision that identified the relevant date as the date the standard patent on which the divisional application is based was filed.

The innovation patent provides Australia's 'second tier' of patent protection, being quicker and easier to obtain than a standard patent but offering a shorter period of protection. Such patents may be applied for independently or as divisional applications based on an existing standard patent application.

The Full Court's decision has the potential to significantly reduce the amount of compensation that may be recovered in respect of the infringement of a divisional innovation patent. As a result, the decision limits the advantages of strategically filing divisional patents to directly target infringers.

Monday, May 15, 2017

Pharmaceuticals and the budget – An interesting compromise, particularly for biosimilars

by Ric Morgan, Special Counsel

As part of the budget deluge, the agreement between Medicines Australia and the Commonwealth was released.  It seems designed to strike a balance between the commercial interests of pharmaceutical manufacturers who will or have brought new medicines to Australia, the Commonwealth's concerns about the cost of the pharmaceutical benefits scheme, and the other players in the sector.

Pharmaceutical manufacturers are agreeing to significant price cuts.  The agreement explicitly limits the increased price cuts to the period of the agreement. Theoretically, this means that the system could revert to the current price cut regime from 1 July 2022.  However, this seems unlikely in practice. The fact that a new agreement must be negotiated in the last year of the current agreement provides significant leverage for the Commonwealth to maintain the accelerated price cuts in this agreement.  The legislation necessary to implement these might provide clarification by including time limited changes or sunset clauses.  However, even if it does the Commonwealth can always amend that legislation later..

Wednesday, May 10, 2017

ACCC goes in for a slice of the pie – Domino's first to pay penalties under Franchising Code of Conduct

By Julia Kovarsky, Associate

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) has published a media release announcing that Domino’s Pizza Enterprises Ltd (Domino’s) is the first franchisor to have faced and paid penalties for an alleged contravention of the Franchising Code of Conduct (the Code). This reaffirms the ACCC's focus, as stated in its Compliance and Enforcement Policy for 2017, on ensuring small businesses receive the full scope of protection of the Code.